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mirandah asia’s office in Indonesia offers clients the advantage of bilingual local expertise in one of Asia’s fastest-growing IP environments. Our Indonesian office know the ins and outs of their country’s procedures and can assist clients from around the world in protection of their IP assets, in what can be a challenging jurisdiction.

Overview

As the fourth-most populous country in the world, Indonesia’s potential is enormous. Its growth in recent years has been exponential, and this is in no small part due to improvements in its IP regime.

Since the sanctioning of the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Amendments (TRIPs Agreement) in 1994, Indonesia has taken active steps to develop and issue IP laws, creating a better framework for IP protection and providing a better environment for the development of IP.

In 1997, it became party to the Patent Co-operation Treaty (PCT), meaning that patent applications in Indonesia can be filed in Indonesia as part of one application in conjunction with other PCT states.

As a result of the ASEAN Economic Community’s Harmonisation Plan, Indonesia has committed to becoming signatory to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks (also known as the “Madrid Protocol”). However, this accession is still pending an effective date.

Growth of Indonesia’s IP landscape

The governmental body concerning IP in Indonesia, the Directorate General of Intellectual Property (DGIP), has drafted and circulated new IP laws including a “cyberlaw” for online copyright provision, regulations on geographical indicators and legislation relating to the recordal of patent assignments.

Meanwhile, existing laws on copyrights, trademarks and patents are regularly revised in accordance to international best practices.

Given all these initiatives, Indonesia’s IP legislation is considered comprehensive and in accordance with international standards.

 

Major international treaties signed
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) effective 5 September 1997
  • Paris Convention effective 24 December 1950
  • Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
Costs of obtaining a patent Please contact us at indonesia@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a patent 24 to 48 months from PCT national phase entry
24 to 48 months from the filing date for Paris Convention entry
24 months from the filing date for Simple patent
Official language for patent prosecution
Bahasa Indonesia
Non-patentable subject matter
  • Any process or product that contravenes the prevailing rules and regulations, religious morality, public order or ethics
  • Methods of examination, treatment, medication, and/or surgery applied to humans and /or animal
  • Discoveries or scientific theories
  • Mathematical formulae
  • Living creatures (excluding micro-organisms)
  • Biological processes for reproduction of plants and animals (excluding microbiological processes).
Grace period for prior disclosure or sale 6 months before the Indonesian filing date (for experiments, R&D or disclosure to learned community)
Major prosecution events Paris Convention entry:12 months from priority

National phase entry: 31 months from priority

Request for Examination:36 months from filing

Payment of first annual fees or backfees: within 6 months from issuance of notice of grant

Renewals of patents:Every year

Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Formality Examination
Stage 3: Publication & Opposition (if any)
Stage 4: Substantive Examination
Stage 5: Grant
Stage 6: Renewal/ Annuity
Extension of office action deadlines Available
Necessary document for filing Power of Attorney
Deed of Assignment*English translation is additionally required for documents not originally in English (e.g. patent specification)
Pharmaceutical Data Exclusivity Laws Not available
Search and Examination The Patent Office conducts its own Search and Examination but favours Search and Examination reports issued in prescribed countries such as US, UK, Australia, Japan and South Korea and mostly from European Patent Office
Opposition term 6 months during publication period
Term of patent protection 20 years commencing from the filing date for PCT and Paris Convention application
10 years commencing from the filing date for Simple Patent
Patent term extension Not available
Restoration of lapsed patent Not available
Parallel Imports Patent Law no. 14 of 2001 regulates that parallel imports are not permissible, however, in practice, this is still difficult to implement due to a lack of coordination between the IP office and customs office
Other forms of patents (e.g. Petty/innovation patents) Simple Patent: A maximum of one invention is allowable.

The scope of invention for simple patents has been expanded to include new inventions – or developments of existing products or processes –  that may be applied within an industry.

Useful links Patent Agents & Attorneys in Indonesia
www.dgip.go.id
Infringement offence Available
Specialised courts for IP Not available
Outline of the enforcement steps Cease and Desist Letter
Infringement lawsuit
Relief against groundless threats Regulated but cannot be implemented due to lack of technical regulation
Declaration of non-infringement Not available
Preliminary injunctions Available
Time frame for various legal actions Revocation – 6 to 8 months for first instance and 8 to 12 months for Cassation
Infringement proceeding – 6 to 8 months for first instance and 8 to 12 months for CassationAppeal against decision to grant – within 9 months from date of notification of grant.
Alternative dispute resolution Mediation
Arbitration
Conciliation
Availability of damages and other relief for infringement Injunction
Loss of revenue
Civil remedies Not Available
Criminal Sanctions Penalty
Jail sentence (max. 4 years)

Patent Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Rank
2001 212 3,714 3926
2002 234 3,609 4077
2003 201 3,099 3300
2004 227 3,441 3668
2005 235 4,069 4304
2006 288 4,324 4612
2007 284 4,850 5134
2008 386 4,747 5133
2009 415 4,103 4518
2010 508 5,122 5630
2011 533 5,297 5830
2013 663 6,787 7450
2014 702 7,321 8023
2015 1,058 8,095 9153

Source: WIPO

Legal Basis Law No. 15 year 2001 concerning Trademark effective 1 August 2001
Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention effective 24 December 1950
  • Trademark Law Treaty effective 5 September 1997
  • Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
Cost of obtaining a trademark Please contact us at indonesia@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a trademark 18 to 24 months
Official language for trademark prosecution Bahasa Indonesia
Registrable marks A sign in the form of a picture, name, word, letters, numerals, composition of colors, or a combination of said elements, having distinguishing features and used in the activities of trade in goods or services
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Formality Examination
Stage 3: Substantive Examination
Stage 4: Publication
Stage 5: Opposition (if any)
Stage 6: Registration
Stage 7: Renewal
Number of classes 45 (10th Edition Nice Classification)
Multiple class filing Available
Filing of series marks Not available
Necessary document for filing Power of Attorney
Statement of Mark Ownership
Common objections Deceptiveness
Bad faith
Prior conflicting rights
Non-distinctiveness
Descriptiveness
Extension of office action deadlines Not available
Opposition term 3 months
Term of trademark protection 10 years (renewable)
Restoration of lapsed trademark Not available
Parallel Imports Not available
Minimum period of use to avoid non-use cancellation action 3 years (continuous)
Useful links Trademark Lawyers Agents in Indonesia
www.dgip.go.id

 

Infringement offence Available
Specialised courts for IP Not available
Outline of the enforcement steps Civil
Infringement pursuant to the Law No. 15 Year 2001 concerning MarksCriminal
Trademark counter/infringement pursuant to the Law No. 15 Year 2001 concerning Marks
Border Measures
Relief against groundless threats Not available
Declaration of non-infringement Not available
Preliminary injunctions As per below
Time frame for various legal actions Infringement proceedings (civil case): 4 to 7 months for first instance and 4 to 7 months for Cassation
Revocation: 4 to 7 months for first instance and 4 to 7 months for Cassation
Alternative dispute resolution Mediation
Arbitration
Conciliation
Availability of damages and other relief for infringement Revocation (Cancellation Action)
Civil Remedies Injunction
Damages
Criminal Sanctions Trade Description Order
Monetary fines or imprisonment or bothBorder Measure
Seizure; detention; forfeiture of counterfeit trademark goods

Trademark Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 26,128 12,520 38648
2002 20,423 9,581 50427
2003 28,317 8,023 36340
2004 35,626 13,685 49311
2005 30,734 10,082 40816
2006 36,644 16,005 52649
2007 32,181 11,078 43259
2008 33,555 14,051 47606
2009 37,759 5,018 42777
2010 43,269 4,525 47794
2011 50,653 2,543 53196
2013 44,288 16,695 60983
2014 34,521 11,931 46452
2015 37,090 10,454 47544

Trademark Registrations

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2013 12,020 4,935 16955
2014 25,926 9,348 35274
2015 25,920 11,040 36960

Source: WIPO

Want to find out more about
Indonesia's IP landscape?
Drop us a line or visit
our office.

mirandah asia (indonesia) pt
Sudirman Plaza, Plaza Marein, Floor 10E JL. Jend. Sudirman Kav 76-78 Jakarta Selatan 12910 Indonesia

Tel: +(62) 21 5793 5902 – 03
Fax: +(62) 21 5793 5904

Email: indonesia@mirandah.com