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Legal Basis Intellectual Property Law 2005

Law No. 36/2009/QH12 of June 19, 2009, amending and supplementing a Number of Articles of the Law on Intellectual Property (promulgated by the Order No. 12/2009/L-CTN of June 29, 2009 of the President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam)

Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention
  • Madrid Agreement and Protocol
Cost of obtaining a straightforward registration Please contact us at  vietnam@mirandah.com
Average time to register a trademark Minimum 12 – 16 months
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing

Stage 2: Examination

Stage 3: Advertisement

Stage 4: Opposition (if any)

Stage 5: Registration

Stage 6: Post-Registration Advertisement

Registrable marks Any distinctive device, brand, heading, label, ticket, name, signature, word, letter, numeral, or combination thereof, may be registered as a trademark
Number of classes 45 (Nice Classification)
Multiple class filing Available
Filing of series marks Not available
Necessary documents Signed Power of Attorney
Electronic filing Not available
Common objections
  • Deceptiveness
  • Prior conflicting rights
  • Inventiveness, descriptiveness and non-distinctiveness
Opposition term From the date of publication of the application to the time the Examiner completes the substantive examination of the application (around 6-8 months from publication date, no specific time frame)
Duration of protection 10 years from the filing date
Restoration of lapsed trademark Within 6 months from the expiry of the registration
Compulsory period of use to avoid cancellation action A trademark registration may be vulnerable to a cancellation action by a third party if it is not used for 5 consecutive years prior to the cancellation action.
Parallel Imports Allowed
Use Not necessary at the time of filing, as an application can be filed on an “intent to use” basis
Useful links www.mirandah.com
www.noip.gov.vn

 

 

 

 

Outline of the
enforcement steps
Civil

    • Infringement pursuant to the Intellectual Property Law 2005 (IPL)
    • Unfair Competition

Administrative Actions

Effected by the various government department including the Ministry of Science; Technology and Department of Science and Technology at province; the Ministry of Trade, Economic Police and Customs

Criminal Actions 

A criminal action can be brought against an infringer pursuant to Articles 156 158 and 170, 171 of the Criminal Code

Civil Remedies
  • Interlocutory / permanent injunction
  • An order for the surrender or the destruction of the offending trademark or signage
  • Damages or account of profits in lieu of damages
  • A declaration of the plaintiff’s rights to the trademark and defendant’s infringement of these rights
Criminal Sanctions
  • Monetary fines or imprisonment or both
  • Prohibition of importation; seizure; detention; forfeiture of counterfeit trademark   goods
Others It is an offence to represent a trademark as registered when it is not
Time frame for various legal actions 12 – 36 months
Alternative dispute resolution
  • Mediation
  • Arbitration
Any specialized courts for IP Not available

Trademark Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 3,095 5,317 8412
2002 6,560 4,081 10641
2003 8,599 5,422 14021
2004 10,641 6,499 17140
2005 12,884 7,247 20131
2006 16,071 9,730 25801
2007 19,653 11,340 30993
2008 20,832 10,905 31737
2009 22,378 9,773 32151
2010 21,215 10,598 31813
2011 22,376 9,625 32001
2012 22,813 10,949 33762
2013 24,629 10,999 35628
2014 26,563 11,752 38315
2015 30,476 12,066 42542

Trademark Registrations

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 2,085 3,696 5781
2002 3,386 3,500 6886
2003 4,907 3,995 8902
2004 5,444 4,037 9481
2005 6,427 5,537 11964
2006 6,335 5,049 11384
2007 10,660 8,754 19414
2008 15,826 11,622 27448
2009 16,232 9,961 26193
2010 12,732 7,884 20616
2011 15,879 9,835 25714
2012 15,319 7,887 23206
2013 14,504 9,585 24089
2014 15,378 9,741 25119
2015 14,209 9,759 23968

Source: WIPO