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Thailand

Legal Basis Trademarks Act B.E. 2534 (1991) as amended by Trademarks Act (No.2) B.E. 2543 (2000) and Trademarks Act (No.3) B.E. 2559 (2016).
Major international treaties signed
  • Madrid Protocol Concerning the International Registration of Marks effective from 7th November 2017
  • Paris Convention for the protection of Intellectual Property effective from 2nd August 2008
  • Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) effective from 1st January 1995
Cost of obtaining a trademark Please contact us at thailand@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a trademark 10 to 15 months

Note: 6 months Trademark Registration Fast Track will automatically apply provided the trademark meets 2 requirements, i.e (1) Total Number of goods/services not exceeding 30 items and (2) Goods/services are selected from the Thai Department of Intellectual Property (DIP)’s website at https://tmsearch.ipthailand.go.th

Official language for trademark prosecution Thai
Registrable marks “Mark” means a photograph, drawing, invented device, logo, name, word, phrase, letter, numeral, signature, a combination of colors, figurative element, sound, or combination thereof.

A registrable mark must: goods/services not exceeding 30 items and (2) Goods/services are selected from the Thai Department of Intellectual Property (DIP)’s website at

  1. Contain distinctive characteristics
  2.  Must not contain any prohibitive characteristics
  3. Is not identical or confusingly similar prior to registrations (or applications)
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Examination
Stage 3: Publication
Stage 4: Opposition (if any)
Stage 5: Registration
Stage 6: Renewal
Number of classes 45 (Nice Classification)
Multiple class filing Available
Filing of series marks Not available
Necessary information and document for filing The applicant’s name, address and nationality
A sample of the mark
List of goods/servicesScanned notarized Power of Attorney
Common objections Non-distinctive
Confusing similarity
List of Goods/Services
Extension of office action deadlines Not available
Opposition term 60 days (non-extendible)
Term of trademark protection 10 years (renewable)
Restoration of lapsed trademark Available within 6 months’ grace period from the date of expiry.
Parallel Imports Available
Minimum period of use to avoid non-use cancellation action 3 years (continuous)
Useful links www.mirandah.com
www.ipthailand.go.th

 

 

Infringement offence Available
Specialised courts for IP The Central Intellectual Property and International Trade Court of Thailand
Outline of the enforcement steps Administrative Action
– Opposition and Cancellation procedures. and alternative dispute resolution procedures through the Thai Department of Intellectual Property (DIP).

Criminal Actions
-Criminal actions represents the majority of trademark infringement enforcement cases in Thailand. It provides quick, efficient, and cost-effective remedy. Criminal actions are initiated with the filing of a criminal complaint with the police. The police can then petition the court for a search warrant. If the court issues the search warrant, the police will carry out a raid to collect evidence of the infringement and arrest the infringers. Thailand’s enforcement bodies include:

– the Department of Special Investigation, which was established in October 2002;
– the Economic Crime Investigation Division, a specialised police unit widely used by trademark owners;
– the Metropolitan Police Bureau;
– the Provincial Police Bureau; and
– the Food and Drug Administration.

Civil Action
– Strategically, civil actions can be helpful for preliminary measures. For instance, the registered trademark owner can petition the court for an order to preserve relevant evidence in relation to the alleged infringement (i.e. an Anton Piller order) or for an injunction order.

Relief against groundless threats Not available
Declaration of non-infringement Not available
Preliminary injunctions Available
Time frame for various legal actions 12 to 36 months (depends on various factors)
Alternative dispute resolution Mediation
Arbitration
Availability of damages and other relief for infringement As per below
Civil Remedies Injunction
Anton Piller Order
Damages
Criminal Sanctions Trademarks Act (registered mark only)
Under the Trademark Act, the maximum penalty for trademark infringement is four years’ imprisonment and a fine of THB400,000. The maximum penalties for trademark imitation are two years’ imprisonment and a fine of THB200,000.
Penal Code (registered and unregistered mark including foreign-registered mark)
Fines or imprisonment or both

*Trademark Act has higher penalties than the Penal Code

 

Trademark Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 16,712 9,407 26119
2002 21,518 8,591 30109
2003 23,335 9,714 33049
2004 26,414 10,554 36968
2005 24,275 12,148 36423
2006 21,171 12,776 33947
2007 20,140 13,415 33555
2008 21,950 13,472 35422
2009 24,734 11,353 36087
2010 24,781 12,875 37656
2011 23,457 15,493 38950
2012 27,508 17,455 44963
2013 27,881 18,216 46097
2014 27,517 18,144 45661
2015 33,347 18,997 52344

Trademark Registrations

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 11,453 8,484 31390
2002 13,281 9,865 23146
2003 11,440 6,543 17983
2004 15,918 7,614 23532
2005 18,497 8,948 27445
2006 15,595 8,520 24115
2007 14,769 9,871 24640
2008 12,574 9,367 21941
2009 11,981 10,502 22483
2010 13,268 8,552 21820
2011 11,657 7,050 18707
2012 11,821 8,004 19825
2013 11,148 8,415 19563
2014 11,487 9,130 20607
2015 11,247 9,930 21177

Source: WIPO