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India

Legal Basis Trade Marks Amendment Act 2010

Trade Marks Amendment Rules 2013

Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention effective 7 December 1998
  • Madrid Protocol effective 8 July 2013
  • Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
Cost of obtaining a straightforward registration Please contact us at india@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a trademark 24 to 36 months
Official language of trademark prosecution English or Hindi
Registrable marks Any distinctive device, monograms, brand, heading, label, ticket, name, signature, word, letter, numeral, shape of goods, packaging or combination of colors or any combination thereof, sound marks when represented in conventional notation or described in words by being graphically represented.
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Examination
Stage 3: Advertisement
Stage 4: Opposition (if any)
Stage 5: Registration
Stage 6: Renewal
Number of classes 45 (Nice Classification)
Multiple class filing Available
Filing of series marks Available
Necessary document for filing Power of Attorney
Priority document (where priority is claimed)
Common objections Descriptiveness
Non-distinctiveness
Prior conflicting rights
Extension of office action deadlines Available
Opposition term 4 months
Term of trademark protection 10 years (renewable)
Restoration of lapsed trademark Within 6 to 12 months from the expiry of the last registration
Parallel Imports Available
Minimum period of use to avoid non-use cancellation action 5 years (continuous)
Useful links Trademark Agents and Attorneys in India
www.ipindia.nic.in
Infringement offence Available
Specialized courts for IP Not available. However, Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB) is available to hear appeal against decision made by Intellectual Property Office.
Outline of Enforcement Steps Civil
Infringement pursuant to the Trade Marks Act, 1999
Passing-offQuasi-Criminal
Falsifying and false application of a trademark(Counterfeiting)
False application of trade description
Sale, exposure and possession for sale of counterfeit goods or services
False representation of a mark as a registered mark
Relief against groundless threats Available (Summary Judgment)
Declaration of non-infringement Not available
Preliminary injunctions Available
Time frame for various legal actions 12 to 36 months
Alternative Dispute Resolution Arbitration
Conciliation
Availability of damages and other relief for infringement As per below
Civil remedies Interlocutory / permanent injunction
Damages or account of profits in lieu of damages
Order for delivery-up of infringing labels and marks for destruction or erasure
Criminal Sanctions For Falsifying/false application of trademark or trade description or for sale, etc. of counterfeit goods
Minimum imprisonment for 6 months term, extendable up to 3 years with a minimum fine go RS. 50,000 (USA 1110) extendable up to Rs. 200,000 (USD 4450)False representation of a mark as a registered trademark
Imprisonment up to 3 years or monetary fine or both
Others Enhanced penalty on second or subsequent conviction which include imprisonment and fine

Trademark Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 79,746 10,490 90236
2002 88,190 5,930 94120
2003 76,801 15,450 92221
2004 63,906 15,090 78996
2005 73,308 12,361 85669
2006 88,210 15,210 103420
2007 117,014 6,500 123514
2008 119,371 10,801 130172
2009 134,403 7,540 141943
2010 172,120 17,805 189925
2011 176,386 22,161 198547
2012 176,044 14,807 190851
2013 183,172 19,646 202818
2014 200,140 23,611 223751
2015 250,585 24,183 274768

Trademark Registrations

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2010 58,117 9,695 67812
2011 122,440 20,503 142943
2012 48,014 7,177 55191
2013 52,117 8,140 60257
2014 45,720 12,794 58514
2015 53,515 15,607 69122

Source: WIPO