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Malaysia

Legal Basis Trade Marks Act 1976 effective 1 September 1983
Trade Marks (Amendment) Act 1994, 2000 and 2002, the latter effective 3 March 2003
Trade Marks Regulations 1997 effective 1 December 1997
Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention effective 1 January 1989
  • Nice Agreement effective 28 September 2007
  • Vienna Agreement effective 28 September 2007
  • Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
Cost of obtaining a trademark Please contact us at malaysia@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a trademark 12 months
Official language for trademark prosecution Bahasa Malaysia or English
Registrable marks Any distinctive device, brand, heading, label, ticket, name, signature, word, letter, numeral or any combination thereof
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Examination
Stage 3: Advertisement
Stage 4: Opposition (if any)
Stage 5: Registration
Stage 6: Renewal
Number of classes 45 (8th Edition Nice Classification)
Multiple class filing Not Available
Filing of series marks Available
Necessary document for filing Statutory Declaration of Bona Fide Ownership of Mark
Common objections Descriptiveness
Non-distinctiveness
Prior conflicting rights
Extension of office action deadlines Available
Opposition term 2 months (extendible)
Term of trademark protection 10 years (renewable)
Restoration of lapsed trademark Within 12 months from the expiry of the last registration
Parallel Imports
Available
Minimum period of use to avoid non-use cancellation action 3 years (continuous)
Useful links
Trademark Agents and Attorneys in Malaysia
www.myipo.gov.my
Infringement offence
Available
Specialised courts for IP Available
Outline of the enforcement steps Notice of Cease and Desist

Infringement

Passing-off
Application for a Trade Description Order under the Trade Descriptions Act 2011
Border Measures

Relief against groundless threats Available (Summary Judgment)
Declaration of non-infringement Available
Preliminary injunctions Available
Time frame for various legal actions 6 to 12 months
Alternative dispute resolution Limited to trade mark matters involving domain name dispute
Availability of damages and other relief for infringement Expungement Action
Civil remedies Injunction
Damages
Criminal Sanctions Trade Description Order
Monetary fines or imprisonment or bothBorder Measure
Prohibition of importation; seizure; detention; forfeiture of goods bearing counterfeit trademark
Other It is a criminal offence to represent a trademark as registered when in fact it is not. Sanctions may include monetary fines or imprisonment or both
 Year Applications Registrations
Domestic Foreign Total Domestic Foreign Total
2003 8327 9439 17766 3014 9108 12122
2004 10406 10337 20743 3243 8473 11716
2005 10479 11668 22147 3683 7771 11454
2006 11209 12840 24049 5651 10108 15759
2007 12289 13605 25894 8108 17382 25490
2008 12562 13472 26034 9049 18798 27847
2009 12810 11260 24070 5438 9534 14972
2010 13099 13271 26370 5642 8652 14294
2011 13001 15832 28833 10201 13618 23819
2012 14044 17832 31876 9765 16311 26076
2013 14705 17520 32225 9777 17202 26979
2014 15400 19171 34571 10467 16961 27428
2015 15940 19983 35923 10529 18271 28800
Sep 2016 13679 14769 28448 9227 14300 23527

Source: WIPO