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Las leyes de propiedad intelectual incipientes de Brunei constituyen una práctica prometedora en materia de propiedad intelectual en uno de los estados más ricos del sudeste asiático.

Resumen

Las leyes de propiedad intelectual incipientes de Brunei constituyen una práctica prometedora en materia de propiedad intelectual en uno de los estados más ricos del sudeste asiático.

La Orden de Patentes 2011 de Brunei entró en vigor en enero de 2012 y es administrada por la Junta de Desarrollo Económico de Brunei (BEBD) a través de la Oficina de Propiedad Intelectual de Brunei Darussalam (BruIPO). Las Reglas de patentes se implementaron en el mismo año.

La Orden de patentes 2011 de Brunei reemplaza el sistema de reinscripción anterior de las patentes de Singapur, Malasia, el Reino Unido y el PE (que designa al Reino Unido) y establece un sistema de patentes independiente. Estos acontecimientos sentaron las bases de la reciente adhesión del país al Tratado de Cooperación en materia de Patentes (PCT), que entró en vigor en Brunei el 24 de julio de 2012. El tratado autoriza a los nacionales de Brunei a presentar solicitudes internacionales en virtud del sistema del PCT.

El registro de la marca también es gestionado por BruIPO. Las Reglas de Marcas Registradas (Legislación Subsidiaria) se revisaron por primera vez en 1984 y se publicaron en las Leyes de Brunei, Edición Revisada de 1984. Fue nuevamente revisada y republicada bajo S 27/2000 en las Leyes de Brunei, Edición Revisada 2000.

Crecimiento del paisaje de IP de Brunei

En 2016, para lanzarse firmemente al mapa internacional de la PI, Brunei accedió a adherirse al Protocolo de Madrid para el Registro Internacional de Marcas. Enero 2017 Brunei se volve miembro 98 del Protocolo.

Legal Basis Laws of Brunei (1984 Ed. Cap. 72)

Emergency (Patents) Order 1999

Patents Order, 2011

Major international and regional treaties signed
  • Paris Convention effective 17 February 2012
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) effective 24 July 2012
  • Budapest Treaty effective 24 July 2012
  • Agreement on Trade Related
  • Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
  • ASEAN Framework Agreement on Intellectual Property Cooperation
Costs of obtaining a patent Please contact us at brunei@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a patent 12 months from PCT national phase entry
42 – 60 months from priority date for Paris C
Official language for patent prosecution English
Non-patentable subject matter
  • (a) Inventions that may encourage offensive, immoral or anti-social behavior
  • (b) Methods of treatment of the human or animal body
Grace period for prior disclosure or sale 12 months
Major prosecution events
Request for search : 13 months from the priority date
Request for Examination : 21 months from the priority date
National phase entry : 30 months from the priority date
Payment of grant fees : 42 months / 60 months
Renewals (after grant) : every year after expiration of 4th year
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Formality Examination
Stage 3: Publication
Stage 4: Substantive Examination
Stage 5: Grant
Stage 6: Renewal/ Annuity
Extension of office action deadlines Non-extendible
Necessary document for filing English Specification

Declaration of Authorization

Pharmaceutical Data Exclusivity Laws Not available
Search and Examination Local examination of patents is not compulsory. Search and examination reports established in other countries or during PCT international phase can be relied upon for the purpose of patent grant in Brunei
Opposition term Not available
Term of patent protection 20 years
Patent term extension Available
Restoration of lapsed patent 30 months from the date of lapse
Parallel Imports Available
Other forms of patents (e.g. Petty/innovation patents) Not available
Useful links Brunei Intellectual Property Office (BruIPO)

The Brunei Economic Development Board (BEDB)

Patent Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2012 19 12 31
2013 22 11 33
2014 14 97 111
2015 9 121  130
Sep 2016 16 50  66

Source: Brunei Intellectual Property Office (BruIPO)

Legal Basis Trademarks (Revised edition 2000) (2000)

Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) (1968)

Merchandise Marks (1953)

Trademark (Importation of Infringing Goods) Regulations (Revised Edition 2000) (2000)

Trademark Rules (Revised Edition 2000) (2000)

Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (February 17, 2012)
  • Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (April 21, 1994)
  • Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (November 12, 2011)
  • Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (November 12, 2011)
  • Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO) (January 1, 1995)
  • World Trade Organization (WTO) – Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) (1994) (January 1, 1995)
  • ASEAN Framework Agreement on Intellectual Property Cooperation
  • ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (May 17, 2010)
  • Trans – Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (July 12, 2006)
  • Madrid Protocol for the International Registration of Marks
Costs of obtaining a trademark Please contact us at brunei@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a trademark Between 12 – 18 months
Official language for trademark prosecution English
Registrable marks Any visually perceptible sign capable of being represented graphically and which is capable of distinguishing goods or services of one undertaking from those of other undertakings.

Words (including personal names), designs, letters, numerals or the shape of goods or their packaging. Also includes collective marks and certification marks.

Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Examination
Stage 3: Advertisement
Stage 4: Opposition
Stage 5: Registration
Number of classes 1-42 (7th edition Nice Classification)
Multiple class filing Available
Filing of series marks Available
Necessary document for filing None
Electronic Filing If the trademark is in non-English words or in foreign characters, a certified copy of its translation is necessary.
Common objections
  • Lack of capacity to distinguish the goods/ services of one entity from those of others;
  • Mark is devoid of distinctive character and/or descriptive to the goods/services;
  • That the mark is contrary to public order or morality;
  • That the mark is likely to mislead the public as to, inter alia, geographical origin;
  • That the mark is identical with, or is an imitation of or contains as an element, an armorial bearing, flag and/or other emblem;
  • Prior conflicting rights.
Extension of office action deadlines Yes, subject to the discretion of the Registrar
Opposition term 3 months from the date on which the application was published in the Official Gazette
Term of trademark protection 10 years from the date of registration (Grace period of 6 months from the date of expiry is permissible)
Restoration of lapsed trade mark Within 6 months from the date of the removal of the trademark from the Register
Parallel Imports Yes
Minimum period of use to avoid non-use cancellation action Within 5 years from the date of completion of the registration procedure.
Useful links www.mirandah.com

www.bruipo.com.bn

Trademark Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 28 730 758
2002 37 572 609
2003 41 777 818
2004 51 742 793
2005 56 790 846
2006 24 661 685
2007 52 808 860
2008 40 904 944
2009 35 614 649
2010 33 692 725
2011 19 838 857
2012 53 1,075 1122
2013 41 1,094 1135
2014 101 1,074 1175

Source: WIPO

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