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Mirandah Asia offre à ses clients au Laos des services sur la PI au même haut-niveau de qualité que seule une réputation locale peut dispenser. Alors que le Laos continue à développer son secteur de la PI afin d’être plus en phase avec les normes internationales, nous serons à votre service pour gérer parfaitement les sujets litigieux et non-contentieux.

Présentation

Le Laos est partie de plusieurs traités internationaux sur les droits de la propriété intellectuelle. En plus d’être un membre de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Propriété Intellectuelle (OMPI) depuis janvier 1995, le pays est aussi partie de la Convention de Paris pour la Protection de la Propriété Industrielle et, depuis 2006, du Traité de Coopération sur les Brevets. Le Laos fait aussi partie de la Convention de Berne pour la Protection des Œuvres Littéraires et Linguistiques.

Croissance du secteur de la PI au Laos

La législation principale régissant la propriété intellectuelle au Laos est la Loi No. 01/NA (la “Loi sur la Propriété Intellectuelle”) qui a été adoptée le 20 décembre 2011. Le Laos applique un système de « premier-déposant » pour l’inscription des marques et brevets.

L’enregistrement de marques multi-classes est désormais acceptable au Laos, ce qui signifie que les demandeurs peuvent enregistrer une marque pour la protection de plusieurs domaines différents de produits et services sous le Système de Classification de Nice.

Selon le plan d’Harmonisation de la Communauté Economique ANASE, le Laos devrait adhérer à l’Arrangement de Madrid concernant l’Enregistrement International des Marques (aussi connu comme « Le Protocole de Madrid »).

March 7, 2016 Laos est devenu 97ème membre de la Système Madrid.

 

Legal basis
  • Decree on Patent, Petty Patent and Industrial Designs No 01/PM dated January 17th, 2002.
  • Regulation the Implementation of Patent, Petty Patent and Industrial Designs No 322/STEAPMO dated February 18th, 2003.
  • Law on Intellectual Property No 08/NA dated December 24th, 2007.
Major international treaties signed
  • Patent Co-operation Treaty
  • Paris Convention
Average time to obtain a patent About 48 months for the PCT national phase filings
About 60 months for the Convention and Direct filings
Official language for patent prosecution English
Non-patentable subject matter Available
Non-patentable subject matter (i) discoveries, scientific theories and mathematical methods;

(ii) schemes, rules or methods for doing business, performing purely mental acts or playing games;

(iii) methods for treatment of the human or animal

(iv) inventions which are contrast to the public order of the national cultural morality

Grace period for pre-filing sale or public disclosure Up to 12 months before the first filing
Major prosecution events (calculated from priority or filing date)
Event PCT-National Phase Non-PCT
 Lodging patent application 30 months 12 months
Payment for Annual Fees Every year Every year
Renewal (after grant) Every year Every year
Extension of deadlines (i)    03 months for responding to Office Actions
(ii)   03 months for Search and Examination events
(iii)  03 months for most other deadlines
Pharmaceutical Data Exclusivity Laws Not available
Parallel Imports Allowable
Term of patent 20 years
Patent term extension Not available
Restoration of lapsed Patent No specific provisions are present
Search and Examination Local Examination of patents is not compulsory. Search and Examination reports established in other countries or during PCT International phase can be relied upon for the purpose of patent grant in Laos.
Other forms of patents (e.g. petty/innovation patents) Utility model
Useful links www.mirandah.com
Dispute Resolution
  1. Reconciliation;
  2. Mediation;
  3. Administrative remedies;
  4. Remedy through Economic Dispute Resolution Committee;
  5. Judicial Actions to People’s Courts;
  6. International dispute settlement.
Specialised courts for IP No
Outline of the enforcement steps

1. Order the infringer to desist from an infringement;

2. Order the suspension of Customs procedures;

3. Order the seizure of goods to prevent the entry into the channels of commerce of imported goods that involve the infringement of an intellectual property right, immediately after customs clearance of such goods;

4. Order a declaratory judgment of infringement;

5. Order the infringer to pay damages adequate to compensate;

6. Order the infringer to pay the right holder expenses, which may include appropriate attorney’s fees;

7. Order that goods that have been found to be infringing, be destroyed or otherwise disposed of in such a manner that such goods will not enter channels of commerce;

8. Order that materials and implements the predominant use of which has been in the creation of the infringing goods be disposed of outside the channels of commerce in such a manner as to minimize the risks of further infringements.

Relief against groundless threats Not available
Declaration of non-infringement Not available
Preliminary injunctions Available
Time frame for various legal actions Infringement proceeding: 12-24 months
Availability of damages and other relief for infringement
(i) Injunction
(ii) Loss of revenue
(iii) Account of profits
(iv) Attorney’s fees and other expenses for litigation
Legal Basis
  • The 2007 Intellectual Property Law
  • Regulation on Registration of Trademark, No. 466/STEA-PMO, dated 7 March 2002
  • Prime Minister’s Decree on Trademark, No. 06/P.M, dated 18 Jan 1995; b
Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (October 8, 1998)
  • Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (January 17, 1995)
Cost of obtaining a straightforward registration Please contact us at singapore@mirandah.com
Average time to register a trademark 12-16 months
Official language of trademark prosecution Lao
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Examination
Stage 3: Registration
Stage 4: Publication
Stage 5: Renewal
Number of classes 45
Multiple class filing Available
Filing of series marks Not available
Necessary documents Power of Attorney (Notarized)
Extension of office action deadlines Yes
Common objections
  • Descriptiveness
  • Non-distinctiveness
  • Prior conflicting rights
Opposition term Unclear. Opposition may be lodged with the Trade Mark Office before or after the registration of the Trade Mark.
Term of trademark protection 10 years (renewable)
Restoration of lapsed trademark No
Parallel Imports Yes
Minimum period of use to avoid non-use cancellation action 5 years (continuous)
Useful links www.mirandah.com
http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/profile.jsp?code=LA
Infringement offence Available
Infringement offence Department of Intellectual Property Standardization and Metrology (DIPSM)
Outline of Enforcement Steps Civil
Criminal
Penal Code and the Code on Criminal Procedure
Relief against groundless threats unavailable
Declaration of non-infringement unavailable
Preliminary injunctions unavailable
Time frame for various legal actions 24 – 36 months, depending on various factors
Alternative Dispute Resolution Mediation
Arbitration
Civil Remedies Injunction
Damages
Criminal Sanctions Fine
Souhaitez-vous vous renseigner davantage sur le secteur de la PI au Laos ? Ecrivez-nous ou visitez notre bureau. 

mirandah asia (laos) affiliate office
No. 10, Lane 34, Au Co Street, Tay Ho District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tel: +(844) 3718 6216
Fax: +(844) 3718 6217

Email: laos@mirandah.com