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La oficina de Mirandah Asia en Tailandia está siempre disponible para proporcionar servicios a clientes internacionales que buscan orientación sobre los procedimientos de propiedad intelectual del país. El equipo procesa rápidamente todas las consultas y asuntos con el más alto nivel de experiencia, que solo los especialistas tailandeses locales bilingües pueden brindar.

Información general

Con una fuerza de trabajo cada vez más calificada, junto con la expansión de las oportunidades de mercado, la creciente economía de Tailandia está atrayendo una mayor inversión internacional. El entorno de la propiedad intelectual del país se está haciendo cada vez más grande para seguir este desarrollo económico.

En 2009, Tailandia se unió al Tratado de Cooperación en materia de Patentes, introduciendo nuevas directrices para el examen de patentes y enmiendas al derecho de propiedad intelectual a fin de ampliar el alcance de la aplicación para abarcar todas las leyes de propiedad intelectual y acelerar el procesamiento de solicitudes de patentes. Después de esto, estableció el Centro Nacional de Aplicación de la Propiedad Intelectual (NICE) en 2013 para alentar esfuerzos coordinados entre varias agencias involucradas en la protección y aplicación de la propiedad intelectual.

La erradicación total de la industria de la falsificación es un objetivo clave para el gobierno real de Tailandia. El Departamento de Propiedad Intelectual (DIP) ha introducido varias iniciativas para reforzar su marco legal con el objetivo de superar los desafíos existentes en la aplicación de los derechos de propiedad intelectual.

Crecimiento del paisaje de PI de Tailandia

En 2016, la Ley de Marcas de Tailandia fue revisada, ya que se prepara para adherirse al Acuerdo de Madrid relativo al Registro Internacional de Marcas (también conocido como el “Protocolo de Madrid”) en 2017. Como resultado del Plan de Armonización de la Comunidad Económica de la ASEAN, todos Los estados miembros de ASEAN se han comprometido a ser parte de este tratado. 7 Noviembre 2017 Thailand se volve miembro 99 de la Sistema Madrid.

Legal Basis Patent Act No. 1, B.E. 2522 (1979) and Patent Act No. 2, B.E. 2535 (1992) as amended by Patent Act No.3, B.E. 2542 (1999), the latter effective 27 September 1999
Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention effective 1 August 2008
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) effective 24 December 2009
  • Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
PCT Information Thailand has deposited their instruments of accession with WIPO on 24 September 2009, thus became the 142nd contracting state of the Patent Cooperation Treaty. The treaty became effective in Thailand from 24 December 2009.
Costs of obtaining a patent Please contact us at thailand@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a patent 5 to 8 years
Official language for patent prosecution Thai
Non-patentable subject matter
  • Naturally existing micro-organisms and their components, animals, plants and, animal and plant extracts
  • Discoveries or scientific theories
  • Mathematical formulae
  • Methods of medical treatment and diagnostic methods
  • Computer programs
Grace period for prior disclosure or sale 12 months before the Thailand Filing date (unlawful disclosure, International Exhibition, Government Official Exhibition)
Major prosecution events
Paris Convention : 12 months
National Phase Entry : 30 months (non-extendible)
Request for Examination : 60 months (from publication date)
Payment of grant fees : 60 days after receiving notification
Renewals of patents : Every year after the 4th anniversary of grant, within 60 days following commencement of each new year.
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Formality Examination
Stage 3: Publication & Opposition (if any)
Stage 4: Substantive Examination
Stage 5: Grant
Stage 6: Renewal/ Annuity
Extension of office action deadlines First extension: 90 days

Second extension: 30 days

Necessary document for filing Power of Attorney
Deed of Assignment (only where the applicant is different from the PCT application)
Priority document (where priority is claimed and has not been transmitted to the national office by WIPO)
Pharmaceutical Data Exclusivity Laws Not available
Search and Examination The Patent Office conducts its own Search and Examination but favours Search and Examination reports issued in prescribed countries such as US, UK, Australia, Japan as well as the prescribed regional European Patent Office
Opposition term 90 days after publication
Term of patent protection 20 years
Patent term extension Not available
Restoration of lapsed patent Within 120 days from the date of lapse
Parallel Imports Available
Other forms of patents (e.g. Petty/innovation patents) Petty patents and design patents
Useful links
Infringement offence Civil and Criminal (in special cases)
Specialized courts for IP Central Intellectual Property & International Trade Court
Outline of the enforcement steps File a complaint with the police or the Intellectual Property and International Trade Court
Relief against groundless threats Right to counter sue
Declaration of non-infringement Not Available
Preliminary injunctions Available
Time frame for various legal actions Criminal 6 to 18 months
Civil 1 to 5 years
Alternative dispute resolution Not available for criminal cases but available for civil cases if the parties agree
Civil remedies Damages
Criminal Sanctions Imprisonment
Fine

Patent Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 534 4,798 5332
2002 615 3,874 4489
2003 802 4,329 5131
2004 819 4,554 5373
2005 891 5,449 6340
2006 1,040 5,221 6261
2007 945 5,873 6818
2008 902 5,839 6741
2009 1,025 4,832 5857
2010 1,214 723 1937
2011 927 2,997 3924
2012 1,020 5,726 6746
2013 1,572 5,832 7404
2014 1,006 6,924 7930

Patent Grants

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 58 738 796
2002 39 1,063 1,102
2003 56 972 1028
2004 57 659 716
2005 62 491 553
2006 118 1,003 1121
2007 118 830 948
2008 62 904 966
2009 59 787 846
2010 306 466 772
2011 143 757 900
2012 57 951 1008
2013 68 1,081 1149
2014 73 1,213 1286
2015 83 1,281 1364

Source: WIPO

Legal Basis Trademarks Act B.E. 2534 (1991) as amended by Trademarks Act (No.2) B.E. 2543 (2000) and Trademarks Act (No.3) B.E. 2559 (2016).
Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention effective 2 August 2008
  • Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
Cost of obtaining a trademark Please contact us at thailand@mirandah.com
Average time to obtain a trademark 10 to 15 months
Official language for trademark prosecution Thai
Registrable marks Any distinctive device, brand, heading, label, ticket, name, signature, photograph, word, letter, numeral, shape of goods, 3 dimensional trademarks, sound, packaging or combination of colors or any combination thereof
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing
Stage 2: Examination
Stage 3: Publication
Stage 4: Opposition (if any)
Stage 5: Registration
Stage 6: Renewal
Number of classes 45 (Nice Classification)
Multiple class filing Available
Filing of series marks Not available
Necessary document for filing Power of Attorney – notarized
Common objections Descriptiveness
Non-distinctiveness
Prior conflicting rights
Specifications
Extension of office action deadlines Not available
Opposition term 60 days (non-extendible)
Term of trademark protection 10 years (renewable)
Restoration of lapsed trademark Available within 6 months’ grace period from the date of expiry.
Parallel Imports Available
Minimum period of use to avoid non-use cancellation action 3 years (continuous)
Useful links www.mirandah.com
www.ipthailand.go.th

 

 

Infringement offence Available
Specialised courts for IP The Central Intellectual Property and International Trade Court of Thailand
Outline of the enforcement steps Civil
– Trademark Infringement and Passing Off pursuant to the Trademarks Act B.E. 2534 (1991) as amended B.E. 2543 (2000) and Trademarks Act (No.3) B.E. 2559 (2016).
– Tortious claim pursuant to Section 420 the Civil and Commercial Code (CCC) of Thailand.Quasi-Criminal
– Effected through the Trademarks Acts and Sections 273-275 of the Penal Code of Thailand
Relief against groundless threats Not available
Declaration of non-infringement Not available
Preliminary injunctions Available
Time frame for various legal actions 12 to 36 months (depends on various factors)
Alternative dispute resolution Mediation
Arbitration
Availability of damages and other relief for infringement As per below
Civil Remedies Injunction
Damages
Criminal Sanctions Trademarks Act (registered mark only)
Fines or imprisonment or bothPenal Code (registered and unregistered mark including foreign registered mark)
Fines or imprisonment or both
*Trademark Act has higher penalties than the Penal Code

Trademark Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 16,712 9,407 26119
2002 21,518 8,591 30109
2003 23,335 9,714 33049
2004 26,414 10,554 36968
2005 24,275 12,148 36423
2006 21,171 12,776 33947
2007 20,140 13,415 33555
2008 21,950 13,472 35422
2009 24,734 11,353 36087
2010 24,781 12,875 37656
2011 23,457 15,493 38950
2012 27,508 17,455 44963
2013 27,881 18,216 46097
2014 27,517 18,144 45661
2015 33,347 18,997 52344

Trademark Registrations

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 11,453 8,484 31390
2002 13,281 9,865 23146
2003 11,440 6,543 17983
2004 15,918 7,614 23532
2005 18,497 8,948 27445
2006 15,595 8,520 24115
2007 14,769 9,871 24640
2008 12,574 9,367 21941
2009 11,981 10,502 22483
2010 13,268 8,552 21820
2011 11,657 7,050 18707
2012 11,821 8,004 19825
2013 11,148 8,415 19563
2014 11,487 9,130 20607
2015 11,247 9,930 21177

Source: WIPO

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mirandah asia (thailand) co., ltd.
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Email: thailand@mirandah.com