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Mirandah Asia unterstützt Kunden in Myanmar seit über 15 Jahren. Mit Blick auf die Zukunft ist das Land bereit für schnelle Veränderungen in der IP-Landschaft, und mirandah asia ist darauf ausgerichtet, Kunden bei diesen Veränderungen zu helfen.

Überblick

Von vielen als einer der letzten wirtschaftlichen Grenzräume betrachtet, war Myanmar Gegenstand erheblicher Investitionsinteressen. Das Wachstumspotenzial des Landes ist unvergleichlich – und der Schutz des geistigen Eigentums ist für die Entwicklung seines Geschäftsumfelds unerlässlich.

Trotz des Beitritts zum Übereinkommen über handelsbezogene Aspekte der Rechte an geistigem Eigentum (TRIPS) im Jahr 1995 und der Weltorganisation für geistiges Eigentum (WIPO) im Jahr 2001 beruht der Schutz des geistigen Eigentums in Myanmar noch immer weitgehend auf dem Gewohnheitsrecht. Das geltende Urheberrechtsgesetz schützt originale literarische, dramatische und künstlerische Werke, wenn sie in Myanmar veröffentlicht werden oder, wenn sie nicht veröffentlicht werden, zum Zeitpunkt der Entstehung als Werk einer Person oder Einrichtung in Myanmar gelten würden.

Wachstum der IP-Landschaft Myanmars

Eine neue IP-Regelung, die derzeit ausgearbeitet wird, wird voraussichtlich zu neu gestalteten Gesetzen führen, die den Schutz von Urheberrechten, Marken, Patenten und Geschmacksmustern verbessern. Die neuen Rechtsvorschriften werden auch den Rechtsrahmen für geistiges Eigentum in Myanmar an internationale Standards anpassen. Insbesondere werden diese dann ein Amt für geistiges Eigentum in Myanmar für die Verwaltung und den Schutz von geistigem Eigentum einrichten. Die Unterzeichnung internationaler Verträge wird das letztendliche Ziel sein, und dies ist ein willkommener und längst überfälliger Schritt in die richtige Richtung für das Land.

Gemäß dem Harmonisierungsplan der ASEAN-Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft wird Myanmar dem Madrider Abkommen über die internationale Registrierung von Marken (bekannt als “Madrider Protokoll”) beitreten. Dies bedeutet, dass Anmeldungen von Marken aus Myanmar in Verbindung mit anderen Unterzeichnerstaaten in Madrid nur in einer Sprache und unter Einhaltung eines einheitlichen Gebührenverzeichnisses möglich sind.

Under current practice, the Myanmar Registration Office accepts patent applications on receipt of a Declaration of Ownership of Patent, based on a granted foreign patent. The Declarations of Ownership establish the rights of patent owners officially when it is registered with the registration office. This record can be retrieved anytime and used as evidence if there should be disputes.

 

Having no IP laws or legal requirements to file and examine applications, Myanmar patent owners are required to keep a record of proof and make the public aware of their ownership. As such, it is advisable to publish a cautionary notice in recognized local media, such as the Myanmar Times weekly journal, once the application is granted  – and do the same every 3 years thereafter.

 

The required documents for filing a declaration of ownership of a patent in Myanmar are as follows:

  • An original copy of a duly signed Declaration of Ownership of a Registered Patent in another jurisdiction
  • A certified true copy of the granted patent (with the Grant Certificate)
  • A certified true copy of an English translation of the grant patent (with the Grant Certificate), if the documents are not in English
  • An original copy of an executed Power of Attorney. Do note that the Power of Attorney needs to be notarized and authenticated at the Burmese embassy or consulate.

 

It takes about 5 to 8 weeks for an application to be granted from its lodging date.

FILING REQUIREMENTS

Although Myanmar has yet to promulgate its own specific trademark law, this does not mean that there is no law concerning trademarks in that country. Trademarks and the process by which they are registered are contained in several statutes, most notably the Penal Code of 1860, which gives the definition of a trademark; the Private Industrial Enterprise Law, which provides that no business is allowed to “distribute or sell its goods without trademark;” and, most importantly, the Registration Act which governs the procedure and requirements for registration of all property, including trademarks.

At present, all trademark applications are filed in the form of a “Declaration of Ownership of Trademark” pursuant to Section 18 of the Registration Act. Each trademark must be filed using one Declaration separately.

The minimum requirements for trademark registration in Myanmar are as follows:

  1. Applicant needs to be a Myanmar national or juridical person or, if a foreign applicant, must act through an agent with an address for service inside the country;
  2. Applicant must execute a Declaration of Ownership of Trademark pursuant to Section 18 of the Registration Act;
  3. A foreign applicant must execute a Special Power of Attorney in favour of the local agent; and
  4. It is customary to publish a “Cautionary Notice” in a Myanmar newspaper, advertising the mark holder’s ownership. It is also customary (and advisable) to republish the Cautionary Notice every three years to keep third parties on notice of the mark holder’s ownership

The relevant trademark must be in use and registered in the country of origin, although not necessarily in use in Myanmar yet.

The Power of Attorney and Declaration of Ownership must be executed and authenticated in the presence of a Notary Public. Notarial authentication requires diplomatic legalization at the Myanmar Embassy/ Consulate in the country where the Applicant’s company is incorporated. The Power of Attorney MUST be signed by the representative/officer of the company who signed the Declaration of Ownership.

After submission of the Declaration of Ownership of Trademark and Power of Attorney forms, the trademark application will then be registered. After registration, a Cautionary Notice will be published.

Trademark renewal is NOT compulsory, but it is advisable to renew the trademark in 3 or 5 years. In order to renew the trademark, submission of Declaration of Renewal of Trademark and Power of Attorney is required. The Power of Attorney MUST be signed by the representative/officer of the company who signed the Declaration of Renewal of Trademark. Each trademark must be filed in one separate Declaration with a copy of the original registration document.

It is important to note that at the time of application for registration, all documents must have a validity period of three (3) months from the date of execution in their country of origin.

Möchten Sie mehr über die IP-Landschaft Myanmars erfahren? Schreiben Sie uns oder besuchen Sie unser Büro.

mirandah asia (myanmar) affiliate office
1 Coleman Street
#07 – 08 The Adelphi
Singapore 179803

Tel: +(65) 6336 9696
Fax: +(65) 6338 3739

Email: myanmar@mirandah.com