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Mirandah Asia a assisté les clients en Birmanie pendant plus de 15 ans. A l’avenir, le pays s’est positionné pour des changements rapides dans le domaine de la PI, et mirandah asie est prête pour accompagner les clients à travers ces changements.

Présentation

Considéré par beaucoup comme l’une des dernières frontières économiques, la Birmanie a été l’objet d’intérêts majeurs d’investissement. Son potentiel de croissance est sans précédent – et la protection de la propriété intellectuelle est essentielle pour le développement de son environnement commercial.

Malgré le fait d’avoir rejoint l’Accord sur les Aspects des Droits de Propriété Intellectuelle qui touchent au Commerce (ADPIC) en 1995 et l’Organisation Mondiale de la Propriété Intellectuelle (OMPI) en 2001, la protection de la PI en Birmanie s’appuie toujours principalement sur le droit commun. La Loi sur le Droit d’Auteur offre une protection pour une œuvre littéraire, dramatique et artistique lorsqu’elle est publiée en Birmanie ou, en cas de non-publication, sera considérée comme étant l’œuvre d’un individu ou d’une entité en Birmanie au moment de la création.

Croissance du secteur de la PI en Birmanie

Un nouveau régime de la PI, actuellement en cours de rédaction, devrait aboutir à des lois remaniées qui renforcent la protection des droits d’auteur, des marques, des brevets et des dessins industriels. La nouvelle législation s’alignera également le régime légal de la Birmanie sur les lois de la PI aux normes internationales. Plus important, elle donnera naissance à une Office Birmane de la PI pour l’administration et la protection de nouvelle PI. La signature de traités internationaux sera  l’objectif ultime, qui est une étape dans la bonne direction pour le pays et attendue depuis longtemps.

Selon le plan d’Harmonisation de la Communauté Economique ANASE, la Birmanie devrait adhérer à l’Arrangement de Madrid concernant l’Enregistrement International des Marques (aussi connu comme « Le Protocole de Madrid »). Ce qui signifie que les enregistrements des marques pourraient être effectués conjointement avec les autres pays signataires-de-Madrid, dans une seule langue et respectant un barème standard des frais.

Under current practice, the Myanmar Registration Office accepts patent applications on receipt of a Declaration of Ownership of Patent, based on a granted foreign patent. The Declarations of Ownership establish the rights of patent owners officially when it is registered with the registration office. This record can be retrieved anytime and used as evidence if there should be disputes.

 

Having no IP laws or legal requirements to file and examine applications, Myanmar patent owners are required to keep a record of proof and make the public aware of their ownership. As such, it is advisable to publish a cautionary notice in recognized local media, such as the Myanmar Times weekly journal, once the application is granted  – and do the same every 3 years thereafter.

 

The required documents for filing a declaration of ownership of a patent in Myanmar are as follows:

  • An original copy of a duly signed Declaration of Ownership of a Registered Patent in another jurisdiction
  • A certified true copy of the granted patent (with the Grant Certificate)
  • A certified true copy of an English translation of the grant patent (with the Grant Certificate), if the documents are not in English
  • An original copy of an executed Power of Attorney. Do note that the Power of Attorney needs to be notarized and authenticated at the Burmese embassy or consulate.

 

It takes about 5 to 8 weeks for an application to be granted from its lodging date.

FILING REQUIREMENTS

Although Myanmar has yet to promulgate its own specific trademark law, this does not mean that there is no law concerning trademarks in that country. Trademarks and the process by which they are registered are contained in several statutes, most notably the Penal Code of 1860, which gives the definition of a trademark; the Private Industrial Enterprise Law, which provides that no business is allowed to “distribute or sell its goods without trademark;” and, most importantly, the Registration Act which governs the procedure and requirements for registration of all property, including trademarks.

At present, all trademark applications are filed in the form of a “Declaration of Ownership of Trademark” pursuant to Section 18 of the Registration Act. Each trademark must be filed using one Declaration separately.

The minimum requirements for trademark registration in Myanmar are as follows:

  1. Applicant needs to be a Myanmar national or juridical person or, if a foreign applicant, must act through an agent with an address for service inside the country;
  2. Applicant must execute a Declaration of Ownership of Trademark pursuant to Section 18 of the Registration Act;
  3. A foreign applicant must execute a Special Power of Attorney in favour of the local agent; and
  4. It is customary to publish a “Cautionary Notice” in a Myanmar newspaper, advertising the mark holder’s ownership. It is also customary (and advisable) to republish the Cautionary Notice every three years to keep third parties on notice of the mark holder’s ownership

The relevant trademark must be in use and registered in the country of origin, although not necessarily in use in Myanmar yet.

The Power of Attorney and Declaration of Ownership must be executed and authenticated in the presence of a Notary Public. Notarial authentication requires diplomatic legalization at the Myanmar Embassy/ Consulate in the country where the Applicant’s company is incorporated. The Power of Attorney MUST be signed by the representative/officer of the company who signed the Declaration of Ownership.

After submission of the Declaration of Ownership of Trademark and Power of Attorney forms, the trademark application will then be registered. After registration, a Cautionary Notice will be published.

Trademark renewal is NOT compulsory, but it is advisable to renew the trademark in 3 or 5 years. In order to renew the trademark, submission of Declaration of Renewal of Trademark and Power of Attorney is required. The Power of Attorney MUST be signed by the representative/officer of the company who signed the Declaration of Renewal of Trademark. Each trademark must be filed in one separate Declaration with a copy of the original registration document.

It is important to note that at the time of application for registration, all documents must have a validity period of three (3) months from the date of execution in their country of origin.

Souhaitez-vous savoir un peu plus sur le secteur de la PI en Birmanie?  Envoyez-nous un email ou visitez notre bureau.

mirandah asia (myanmar) affiliate office
1 Coleman Street
#07 – 08 The Adelphi
Singapore 179803

Tel: +(65) 6336 9696
Fax: +(65) 6338 3739

Email: myanmar@mirandah.com