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Mirandah Asia ha ayudado a clientes en Myanmar por más de 15 años. De cara al futuro, el país está listo para cambios rápidos en el panorama de la propiedad intelectual, y mirandah asia está orientado a llevar a los clientes a través de estos cambios.

Información general

Considerado por muchos como una de las últimas fronteras económicas, Myanmar ha sido objeto de importantes inversiones. Su potencial de crecimiento no tiene paralelo, y la protección de la propiedad intelectual es esencial para desarrollar su entorno comercial.

A pesar de haberse adherido al Acuerdo sobre los Aspectos de los Derechos de Propiedad Intelectual relacionados con el Comercio (ADPIC) en 1995 y la Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual (OMPI) en 2001, la protección de la propiedad intelectual en Myanmar todavía se basa principalmente en el common law. La actual Ley de Derecho de Autor protege las obras literarias, dramáticas y artísticas originales si se publican en Myanmar o, si no se publican, se considerará obra de una persona o entidad en Myanmar en el momento de la creación.

Crecimiento del paisaje de PI en Myanmar

Se espera que un nuevo régimen de propiedad intelectual en proceso de redacción dé lugar a leyes rediseñadas que mejoren la protección de los derechos de autor, las marcas registradas, las patentes y los diseños industriales. La nueva legislación también alineará el marco legal de Myanmar sobre las leyes de propiedad intelectual con las normas internacionales. Lo que es más importante, establecerá una Oficina de Propiedad Intelectual de Myanmar para la administración y protección de la nueva propiedad intelectual. Firmar tratados internacionales será el objetivo final, y este es un paso bienvenido y largamente esperado en la dirección correcta para el país.

De conformidad con el plan de Armonización de la Comunidad Económica de la ASEAN, Myanmar debe adherirse al Arreglo de Madrid relativo al Registro Internacional de Marcas (conocido como el “Protocolo de Madrid”). Esto significará que las presentaciones de la marca de Myanmar podrán realizarse en conjunto con otros países signatarios de Madrid, en un solo idioma y respetando un calendario estándar de tarifas.

Under current practice, the Myanmar Registration Office accepts patent applications on receipt of a Declaration of Ownership of Patent, based on a granted foreign patent. The Declarations of Ownership establish the rights of patent owners officially when it is registered with the registration office. This record can be retrieved anytime and used as evidence if there should be disputes.

 

Having no IP laws or legal requirements to file and examine applications, Myanmar patent owners are required to keep a record of proof and make the public aware of their ownership. As such, it is advisable to publish a cautionary notice in recognized local media, such as the Myanmar Times weekly journal, once the application is granted  – and do the same every 3 years thereafter.

 

The required documents for filing a declaration of ownership of a patent in Myanmar are as follows:

  • An original copy of a duly signed Declaration of Ownership of a Registered Patent in another jurisdiction
  • A certified true copy of the granted patent (with the Grant Certificate)
  • A certified true copy of an English translation of the grant patent (with the Grant Certificate), if the documents are not in English
  • An original copy of an executed Power of Attorney. Do note that the Power of Attorney needs to be notarized and authenticated at the Burmese embassy or consulate.

 

It takes about 5 to 8 weeks for an application to be granted from its lodging date.

FILING REQUIREMENTS

Although Myanmar has yet to promulgate its own specific trademark law, this does not mean that there is no law concerning trademarks in that country. Trademarks and the process by which they are registered are contained in several statutes, most notably the Penal Code of 1860, which gives the definition of a trademark; the Private Industrial Enterprise Law, which provides that no business is allowed to “distribute or sell its goods without trademark;” and, most importantly, the Registration Act which governs the procedure and requirements for registration of all property, including trademarks.

At present, all trademark applications are filed in the form of a “Declaration of Ownership of Trademark” pursuant to Section 18 of the Registration Act. Each trademark must be filed using one Declaration separately.

The minimum requirements for trademark registration in Myanmar are as follows:

  1. Applicant needs to be a Myanmar national or juridical person or, if a foreign applicant, must act through an agent with an address for service inside the country;
  2. Applicant must execute a Declaration of Ownership of Trademark pursuant to Section 18 of the Registration Act;
  3. A foreign applicant must execute a Special Power of Attorney in favour of the local agent; and
  4. It is customary to publish a “Cautionary Notice” in a Myanmar newspaper, advertising the mark holder’s ownership. It is also customary (and advisable) to republish the Cautionary Notice every three years to keep third parties on notice of the mark holder’s ownership

The relevant trademark must be in use and registered in the country of origin, although not necessarily in use in Myanmar yet.

The Power of Attorney and Declaration of Ownership must be executed and authenticated in the presence of a Notary Public. Notarial authentication requires diplomatic legalization at the Myanmar Embassy/ Consulate in the country where the Applicant’s company is incorporated. The Power of Attorney MUST be signed by the representative/officer of the company who signed the Declaration of Ownership.

After submission of the Declaration of Ownership of Trademark and Power of Attorney forms, the trademark application will then be registered. After registration, a Cautionary Notice will be published.

Trademark renewal is NOT compulsory, but it is advisable to renew the trademark in 3 or 5 years. In order to renew the trademark, submission of Declaration of Renewal of Trademark and Power of Attorney is required. The Power of Attorney MUST be signed by the representative/officer of the company who signed the Declaration of Renewal of Trademark. Each trademark must be filed in one separate Declaration with a copy of the original registration document.

It is important to note that at the time of application for registration, all documents must have a validity period of three (3) months from the date of execution in their country of origin.

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mirandah asia (myanmar) affiliate office
1 Coleman Street
#07 – 08 The Adelphi
Singapore 179803

Tel: +(65) 6336 9696
Fax: +(65) 6338 3739

Email: myanmar@mirandah.com