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En la oficina de Mirandah en Vietnam, proporcionamos la gama completa de servicios de PI para clientes basados en esta jurisdicción emergente clave. A medida que crece la posición comercial regional y global de Vietnam, la experiencia local y bilingüe que podemos brindar en materia de propiedad intelectual es algo en lo que aquellos en busca de protección pueden confiar firmemente.

Información general

Con exportaciones sólidas y una inversión extranjera directa récord, la economía de Vietnam es un mercado emergente destacado. Esto se debe en gran parte a su robusto paisaje de propiedad intelectual. El gobierno vietnamita es consciente del cambio en su panorama empresarial y ha intensificado sus esfuerzos en asuntos relacionados con la propiedad intelectual.

Para ponerse al día con el desarrollo de la economía regional y global, la Asamblea Nacional de Vietnam aprobó la Ley de Derechos de Propiedad Intelectual en 2005 para proteger tres derechos principales de propiedad intelectual: derechos de autor y derechos conexos; derechos de propiedad industrial; y derechos en variedades de plantas. Esto, junto con una multitud de otras leyes relacionadas con DPI, como la Ley de Competencia de 2004 y el Código Civil de 2005, contribuyeron a la ascensión del país a la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC) en noviembre de 2006 y un acuerdo comercial bilateral con los EE. UU. en 2007.

Crecimiento del paisaje de PI de Vietnam

En septiembre de 2010, en un esfuerzo por fortalecer la protección de los DPI, el gobierno emitió sanciones administrativas más severas por violaciones de los derechos de propiedad industrial, junto con otros cambios importantes a las reglamentaciones de DPI en Vietnam. Además de la legislación local sobre derechos de propiedad intelectual, Vietnam también participa regularmente en convenios internacionales de DPI, como el Convenio de París para la Protección de la Propiedad Industrial, el Convenio de Berna para la Protección de las Obras Literarias y Artísticas, el Convenio de Roma, los Aspectos de la Propiedad Intelectual relacionados con el Comercio. El Acuerdo de Derechos de Propiedad (ADPIC) y el Protocolo de Madrid. Además, Vietnam ha concluido la negociación de un TLC con la UE en febrero de 2016, que cuenta con importantes disposiciones de propiedad intelectual, para impulsar aún más su entorno de propiedad intelectual. El TLC ha sido publicado y ahora se encuentra bajo revisión legal y traducción a los idiomas oficiales de la UE y al vietnamita.

El paisaje de propiedad intelectual en Vietnam está gobernado por la Oficina Nacional de Propiedad Intelectual de Vietnam (NOIP), una agencia dependiente del Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología.

 

Major international treaties signed
  • Patent Co-operation Treaty
  • Paris Convention
Costs of obtaining a patent
Average time to obtain a patent 5 – 6 years
Official language for patent prosecution Vietnamese
Non-patentable subject matter
  • Discoveries, scientific theories; mathematical formulae
  • Schemes, plans, rules or methods for performing mental acts, playing games, doing business; computer programs
  • Presentations of information
  • Solutions of aesthetic characteristics only
  • Plant varieties, animal varieties
  • Processes of essentially biological nature for the production of plants and animals other than microbiological processes
  • Methods of diagnostic, prophylaxis and treatment for human or animals
Grace period for prior disclosure or sale
  • Six months before filing date in Vietnam
Major prosecution events Paris Convention entry: 12 months

National phase entry:31 months

Formality Examination : 1 months from local filing date

Substantive Examination: 42 months

Term of examination: 18 months

Payment of grant fee : At the end of examination

Renewals (after grant): Every year on anniversary of grant date

Extension of deadlines Only one extension permitted, for a period of 2 months
Pharmaceutical Data Exclusivity Laws In force
Parallel Imports Allowed
Term of patent 20 years from filing date
Patent term extension Not available
Restoration of lapsed patent Not Allowed
Search and Examination The Vietnamese National Office of Intellectual Property (NOIP) conducts its own Search and Examination, both as to form and as to substance
Other forms of patents Utility Solution (for minor inventions)
Useful links www.mirandah.com www.noip.gov.vn
Infringement offence Civil and Criminal (in special cases)
Any specialized courts for IP No
Outline of the enforcement steps
  • Cease and Desist Letter
  • File a petition at the local authority to denounce the infringer
Relief against groundless threats Not Available
Declaration of non-infringement Not Available
Preliminary injunctions Available
Alternative dispute resolution (i)  Mediation
(ii) Arbitration
Availability of damages and other relief for infringement (i)    Injunction
(ii)   Loss of revenue
(iii)  Account of profits

Patent Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 52 1,234 1286
2002 69 1,142 1211
2003 78 1,072 1150
2004 103 1,328 1431
2005 180 1,767 1947
2006 196 1,970 2166
2007 219 2,641 2860
2008 204 2,995 3199
2009 258 2,632 2890
2010 306 3,276 3582
2011 300 3,260 3560
2012 382 3,423 3805
2013 443 3,552 3995
2014 487 3,960 4447
2015 582 4,451 5033

Patent Grants

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 7 776 783
2002 9 734 743
2003 17 757 774
2004 22 676 698
2005 27 641 668
2006 44 625 669
2007 34 691 725
2008 39 627 666
2009 29 677 706
2010 29 793 822
2011 48 958 1006
2012 52 1,016 1068
2013 59 1,123 1182
2014 36 1,361 1397
2015 63 1,325 1388

Source: WIPO

Legal Basis Intellectual Property Law 2005

Law No. 36/2009/QH12 of June 19, 2009, amending and supplementing a Number of Articles of the Law on Intellectual Property (promulgated by the Order No. 12/2009/L-CTN of June 29, 2009 of the President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam)

Major international treaties signed
  • Paris Convention
  • Madrid Agreement and Protocol
Cost of obtaining a straightforward registration Please contact us at  vietnam@mirandah.com
Average time to register a trademark Minimum 12 – 16 months
Filing and prosecution procedures Stage 1: Filing

Stage 2: Examination

Stage 3: Advertisement

Stage 4: Opposition (if any)

Stage 5: Registration

Stage 6: Post-Registration Advertisement

Registrable marks Any distinctive device, brand, heading, label, ticket, name, signature, word, letter, numeral, or combination thereof, may be registered as a trademark
Number of classes 45 (Nice Classification)
Multiple class filing Available
Filing of series marks Not available
Necessary documents Signed Power of Attorney
Electronic filing Not available
Common objections
  • Deceptiveness
  • Prior conflicting rights
  • Inventiveness, descriptiveness and non-distinctiveness
Opposition term From the date of publication of the application to the time the Examiner completes the substantive examination of the application (around 6-8 months from publication date, no specific time frame)
Duration of protection 10 years from the filing date
Restoration of lapsed trademark Within 6 months from the expiry of the registration
Compulsory period of use to avoid cancellation action A trademark registration may be vulnerable to a cancellation action by a third party if it is not used for 5 consecutive years prior to the cancellation action.
Parallel Imports Allowed
Use Not necessary at the time of filing, as an application can be filed on an “intent to use” basis
Useful links www.mirandah.com
www.noip.gov.vn

 

 

 

 

Outline of the
enforcement steps
Civil

    • Infringement pursuant to the Intellectual Property Law 2005 (IPL)
    • Unfair Competition

Administrative Actions

Effected by the various government department including the Ministry of Science; Technology and Department of Science and Technology at province; the Ministry of Trade, Economic Police and Customs

Criminal Actions 

A criminal action can be brought against an infringer pursuant to Articles 156 158 and 170, 171 of the Criminal Code

Civil Remedies
  • Interlocutory / permanent injunction
  • An order for the surrender or the destruction of the offending trademark or signage
  • Damages or account of profits in lieu of damages
  • A declaration of the plaintiff’s rights to the trademark and defendant’s infringement of these rights
Criminal Sanctions
  • Monetary fines or imprisonment or both
  • Prohibition of importation; seizure; detention; forfeiture of counterfeit trademark   goods
Others It is an offence to represent a trademark as registered when it is not
Time frame for various legal actions 12 – 36 months
Alternative dispute resolution
  • Mediation
  • Arbitration
Any specialized courts for IP Not available

Trademark Applications

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 3,095 5,317 8412
2002 6,560 4,081 10641
2003 8,599 5,422 14021
2004 10,641 6,499 17140
2005 12,884 7,247 20131
2006 16,071 9,730 25801
2007 19,653 11,340 30993
2008 20,832 10,905 31737
2009 22,378 9,773 32151
2010 21,215 10,598 31813
2011 22,376 9,625 32001
2012 22,813 10,949 33762
2013 24,629 10,999 35628
2014 26,563 11,752 38315
2015 30,476 12,066 42542

Trademark Registrations

Year Resident Non-Resident Total
2001 2,085 3,696 5781
2002 3,386 3,500 6886
2003 4,907 3,995 8902
2004 5,444 4,037 9481
2005 6,427 5,537 11964
2006 6,335 5,049 11384
2007 10,660 8,754 19414
2008 15,826 11,622 27448
2009 16,232 9,961 26193
2010 12,732 7,884 20616
2011 15,879 9,835 25714
2012 15,319 7,887 23206
2013 14,504 9,585 24089
2014 15,378 9,741 25119
2015 14,209 9,759 23968

Source: WIPO

Quieres saber más sobre el paisaje de PI de Vietnam? Envíanos un mensaje o visita nuestra oficina.

mirandah asia (vietnam)
No. 10, Lane 34, Au Co Street, Tay Ho District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tel: +(844) 3718 6216
Fax: +(844) 3718 6217

Email: vietnam@mirandah.com